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Endoscopy and minimally invasive surgery

Endoscopy is currently an increasingly used technique in veterinary medicine because it is a non-invasive and minimally invasive procedure, and because of its versatility in diagnosis and surgery, both general and orthopedic.

This test involves the introduction of a camera or lens inside a tube or endoscope through a natural orifice or a surgical incision, for visualization of a hollow organ or body cavity.

Depending on the entry hole or through small surgical incisions, different studies, interventions or taking samples for biopsy can be performed:


It allows the study of the entire upper digestive tract in digestive disorders such as regurgitation, vomiting, salivation, dysphagia, nausea, vomiting with blood, weight loss, lack of appetite, diarrhea, change in stools (bloody, mucous) and tenesmus.
Biopsies. Surgical interventions such as removal of foreign bodies, cauterization of bleeding ulcers, removal of tumors, etc.


Allows exploration of the lower digestive tract. All segments of the colon and rectum.


Allows exploration of the entire nasal cavity and upper respiratory tract. It may be indicated in dogs and cats with symptoms such as rhinorrhea, chronic sneezing, nosebleeds, suspicions of foreign bodies and alterations visible by radiology.


Allows the study of the lower respiratory tract. It is indicated for cases of bronchitis, cough, growths in the lung, tracheal collapses and abnormal respiratory sounds.


It allows study and performance with minimal invasion of the joints. It is indicated for joint pain, swelling and radiologically visible alterations such as osteochondrosis dissecans, isolated anconeus process or fragmented coronoid process.


Allows examination of the abdominal cavity. The most frequent indications are biopsies of the liver, kidneys, pancreas or tumors. Other diagnostic indications are abdominal trauma, postoperative check-ups, and radiologically visible alterations. Laparoscopic surgery is used for oophorectomies, gastropexies, and hernia repairs, among other applications.

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